Course Types on the course offering list

AFY = Appropriate for First-Year Students: Courses noted as appropriate for FY students are taught at a level that makes them viable for most or all FY students. Other classes may be appropriate in exceptional circumstances but are generally designed for students who have completed introductory coursework at W&L or tested at an intermediate/advanced level.


AFCA = Courses approved for the Interdisciplinary Program in Africana Studies. See also the AFCA website.

CBL = Community-Based Learning courses must meet learning objectives described in the catalog

DCI = Digital Culture and Information courses (see also Digital Culture and Information website) must meet at least four of the following six learning outcomes:

  • ability to integrate digitally driven research goals, methods, and media with discipline-specific inquiry;
  • ability to understand, analyze, and use data;
  • develop critical savvy for assessing sources and data;
  • ability to use design critically;
  • ability to assess information and information technologies critically;
  • ability to work collaboratively.

DS = Courses approved for the Interdisciplinary Program in Data Science. See also the Data Science website.

DSBA = Courses approved for the Interdisciplinary Program in Data Science - Business Analytics. See also the DSBA minor in the catalog.

EAS = Courses approved for the Interdisciplinary Program in East Asian Studies. See also the EAS website.

EERS = Courses approved for the Interdisciplinary Program in East European and Russian Studies. See also the EERS website.

ENV = Courses approved for the Interdisciplinary Program in Environmental Studies. See also the ENV major in the catalog.

EPOL = Courses approved for the Education Policy minor. See also the Education Policy requirements on the Education Studies website.

EXP = Experiential Learning. In experiential-learning courses, students will do one or more of the following:

  • perform as individuals, ensemble, and/or team members in expressive and skillful presentations before audiences, or demonstrate understanding of collaborative performance and production by designing, crafting, managing, publicizing, and/or directing events that have scholarly, artistic, or practical significance.
  • conduct research independently or collaboratively, to advance scholarly inquiry, to develop reasoned recommendations for sponsoring organizations or community partners, to extend classroom learning into the field of inquiry, or to support subsequent senior-thesis, capstone , publication, or public presentation.
  • explore interests and build skills through work in the world and reflect upon and articulate how the activities expand, redirect, alter, or confirm their intellectual, personal, and/or professional development.
  • build cultural competence, perspectives, and understanding through international immersion beyond the classroom, such as homestays.

FILM = Film courses in the Film and Visual Arts minor. See also the FILM minor in the catalog.

FS = First-year seminar.

GL = Global Learning courses must meet at least one of the following four student learning outcomes:

  • demonstrate an understanding of how global issues, processes, trends, and systems have shaped the subject of your course;
  • demonstrate the ability to use globally diverse cultural frames of reference and alternate perspectives to think critically, solve problems, or interpret issues and situations as they relate to the course topic;
  • demonstrate an understanding of how the field of study is viewed and practiced in different cultural, national or international contexts;
  • demonstrate improved language competency where global learning is done abroad in a foreign language, not English.

LACS = Courses approved for the Interdisciplinary Program in Latin American and Caribbean Studies. See also the LACS website.

LJS = Courses approved for the Interdisciplinary Program in Law, Justice, and Society.

MRST = Courses approved for the Interdisciplinary Program in Medieval and Renaissance Studies. See also the MRST website.

NEUR = Courses approved for the Interdisciplinary Program in Neuroscience. See also the NEUR major.

PERS = In Perspectives courses, students do all of the following:

  • demonstrate acquired knowledge of underrepresented and/or non-Western viewpoints or analytical lenses;
  • recognize how identities, such as gender, sex, race, ethnicity, nationality, religion, and/or class, may intersect and uniquely influence the issues covered in the course; and
  • gain a critical understanding of the connections between such identities and systemic inequities, locally, regionally, and/or (inter)nationally.

POV = Discipline-based courses approved for the Shepherd Program for the Interdisciplinary Study of Poverty and Human Capability. See also the POV website.

WGSS = Courses approved for the Interdisciplinary Program in Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies. See also the WGSS website.

WI = In Writing Intensive courses, students will do all of the following:

  • Write at least 15 pages double-spaced (at least 4,000 words) in all, typically divided between shorter and longer graded assignments in class sizes typically capped at 15 for fall or winter, or 12 in spring;
  • Begin writing early in the term and write regularly throughout the term, benefitting from writing techniques and strategies incorporated into class time, and/or extensive written feedback, and/or instructor, group or one-on-one conferences;
  • Have multiple opportunities to improve their writing in response to extensive and timely instructor feedback, through revision of work in a sequence of drafting, rethinking, and rewriting that leads to a final polished product;
  • Receive a substantial portion of their course grade from written work.

WLA = W&L Abroad (spring term courses)

WLO = W&L Off-campus, domestic (spring term courses)

Law School course types:

LAWAP = Practicums/courses that satisfy the actual-practice experience requirement

LAWC = Clinics/Externships

LAWEX = Exam courses

LAWP = Practicum courses

LAWS = Seminar courses: These courses may satisfy the upper-level writing requirement.

LAWUN = P/NP or credit-only courses

LJS = Courses approved for the Interdisciplinary Program in Law, Justice, and Society.