# Grade-Point Average Calculations

GPA Calculator is published from this link.

Finding an average grade or grade-point average for any group of courses (for a term, in a particular department or discipline, over your entire W&L career, even between institutions) is a matter of simple arithmetic. Other than the term, year, or cumulative grade-point averages maintained officially by the University Registrar's Office, W&L does not calculate, maintain, or report other types of averages. Students and alumni should calculate those themselves from the information below.

At W&L, each grade is worth a certain number of grade points, according to the following scales.

A+ 4.00 Superior (was 4.33 until Spring 2009)
A 4.00 Superior
A- 3.67 Superior
B+ 3.33 Good
B 3.00 Good
B- 2.67 Good
C+ 2.33 Fair
C 2.00 Fair
C- 1.67 Fair
D+ 1.33 Marginal (seriously handicapped in further study)
D 1.00 Marginal
D- 0.67 Marginal
E 0.00 Conditional Failure
F 0.00 Unconditional Failure

## Law Grade-Point Average

"A letter grading system is used. The grades are A, A-, B+, B, B-, C+, C, C-, D+, D, D-, F, I (Incomplete), or WIP (Work-in-Progress). Their weights are 4.0, 3.67, 3.33, 3.0, 2.67, 2.33, 2.0, 1.67, 1.33, 1.0, 0.67, 0.0. In ungraded (credit only) courses (Independent Research and Tutorials), the supervising faculty member may enter a grade of I or F in appropriate circumstances. ... A student's cumulative average is computed by averaging the grades received in all courses taken, on the basis of the number of semester hours of credit accorded to each course."

A 4.00
A- 3.67
B+ 3.33
B 3.00
B- 2.67
C+ 2.33
C 2.00
C- 1.67
D+ 1.33
D 1.00
D- 0.67
F 0.00

## Calculation

The grade points for a course are found by multiplying the number of credits awarded for the course times the appropriate grade points. For this and other grade calculations, Pass, Incomplete (I), Work-in-Progress (WIP) or No Grade Reported (NGR) entries do not count and should not be used.

For example, a 4-credit class graded C-:

4 times 1.67 = 6.68 grade points

Add up the graded credits for each course, then add up the grade points for each course and divide. For example: