# Mathematics Degree Requirements

## 2023 - 2024 Catalog

We have the following degrees:

## Mathematics major leading to BA degree

A **major in mathematics** leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree requires the completion of at least 33 credits as follows:

- MATH 221, 222, 225, 311, 321, 343
- One course chosen from MATH 391, 392, and 393
- One course selected from BIOL 282; CHEM 260, 261; CSCI 211, 313; ECON 302, 320; ENGN 203; GEOL 250; MATH 270, 310, 332, 333; PHYS 112
- Nine additional credits selected from mathematics courses numbered above 300.

Additional courses required as prerequisites for completion of the above include MATH 101 and 102, or their equivalents. Furthermore, the course selected to fulfill requirement 2 above may have prerequisites.

- Required courses:
- MATH 221 - Multivariable Calculus
FDR SC Science, Math, CS Distribution Credits 3 Prerequisite MATH 102 with a grade of C or greater, MATH 222, or MATH 225 Motion in three dimensions, parametric curves, differential calculus of multivariable functions, multiple integrals, line integrals, and Green's Theorem.

- MATH 222 - Linear Algebra
FDR SC Science, Math, CS Distribution Credits 3 Prerequisite MATH 102 with a grade of C or greater, MATH 221, or MATH 225 Linear algebra is the backbone of much of mathematics. Students in this course learn to identify and explain the basic principles, terminology, and theories used in linear algebra, and apply quantitative and/or qualitative reasoning skills to solve problems posed in linear algebra, primarily through applications of to both mathematics and the sciences, and also by writing proofs In mathematics.

- MATH 225 - Bridges to Advanced Math
FDR SC Science, Math, CS Distribution Credits 3 Prerequisite Math 221 or 222 or instructor consent The course explores various important mathematical constructions and ideas, with a particular emphasis on mathematical inquiry and reasoning. Topics include: sets, functions, equivalence relations, modular arithmetic, and basic properties of the integers, real numbers, and complex numbers.

- MATH 311 - Real Analysis
Credits 3 Prerequisite MATH 221 and either MATH 225 or MATH 301 A systematic study of concepts basic to calculus, such as topology of the real numbers, limits, differentiation, integration, sequences and series. Additional topics vary by instructor.

- MATH 321 - Abstract Algebra
Credits 3 Prerequisite MATH 222 and either MATH 225 or MATH 301 An introduction to basic algebraic structures common throughout mathematics. These include rings, fields, groups, homomorphisms and quotient structures. Additional topics vary by instructor.

- MATH 343 - Geometry
Credits 3 Prerequisite MATH 221, MATH 222, and one from MATH 201, MATH 225, or MATH 301 This course is an introduction to geometric techniques through study of Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometries and their transformations. Additional topics vary by instructor.

- One course chosen from:
- MATH 391 - Topics in Analysis
Credits 3 Prerequisite MATH 311 Topics vary but can include complex analysis, topology, differential equations, differential topology, numerical analysis, functional analysis, measure theory, fractal geometry, Lebesgue integration and Fourier analysis, harmonic analysis, and analytic number theory.

- MATH 392 - Topics in Abstract Algebra
Credits 3 Prerequisite MATH 321 Topics vary but can include field and Galois theory, geometric and combinatorial group theory, representation theory, number theory, algebraic number theory, commutative algebra, algebraic geometry, arithmetic geometry, advanced linear algebra, algebraic coding theory and cryptography, algebraic topology, homological algebra, and graph theory.

- MATH 393 - Topics in Geometry and Topology
Credits 3 Prerequisite MATH 342 or MATH 343 Topics vary but can include knot theory, topology and geometry of surfaces, differential geometry, Riemann surfaces, 3-manifolds, tilings, geometric probability, geometry of spacetime, finite geometry, computational geometry, differential topology, and projective geometry.

- One course selected from:
- BIOL 282 - Modeling and Simulations in Public Health
FDR SL Lab Science Distribution Credits 4 Prerequisite MATH 101 Where are infections spreading? How many people will be affected? What are some different ways to stop the spread of an epidemic? These are questions that all of us ask during an outbreak or emergency. In a process known as modeling, scientists analyze data using complex mathematical methods to provide answers to these and other questions during an emergency response. Models provide the foresight that can help decision-makers better prepare for the future. In this course you will learn how to develop a simple mathematical models using data. You will learn basic epidemiological concepts, computational data analysis tools and relevant mathematical techniques to integrate existing data into the model and generate relevant predictions. In an open-ended project, you and several of your classmates will develop a model and recommendation about potential public health threat. No prior programming experience required - you will learn to use Python, a popular open-source programming language and Jupyter Notebook data analysis environment, to interactively explore data.

- CHEM 261 - Physical Chemistry: Quantum & Computational Chemistry
Credits 3 Prerequisite CHEM 110, MATH 102, and at least junior class standing An introduction to quantum mechanics as it applies to atomic and molecular systems. The emphasis is placed on spectroscopic methods and the modern picture of chemical bonding and molecular structure and computational methods.

- CSCI 211 - Algorithm Design and Analysis
Credits 3 Prerequisite CSCI 112 and either MATH 121, MATH 201, or MATH 225 Methods for designing efficient algorithms, including divide-and-conquer, dynamic programming, and greedy algorithms. Analysis of algorithms for correctness and estimating running time and space requirements. Topics include advanced data structures, graph theory, network flow, and computational intractability.

- CSCI 313 - Theory of Computation
Credits 3 Prerequisite MATH 121 or MATH 225 A study of the principles of computer science embodied in formal languages, automata, computability, and computational complexity. Topics include context-free grammars, Turing machines, and the halting problem.

- ECON 302 - Game Theory
Credits 3 Prerequisite ECON 210 This course abandons the assumptions of perfect competition. Buyers and sellers may be few; information may be privately held; property rights may poorly enforced; externalities abound and uncertainty is the rule. Game theory is a general framework for analyzing the messy world of strategic interactions. Standard solution concepts such as Nash Equilibrium, subgame perfection, and Bayesian equilibrium are introduced in the context of a broad array of microeconomic topics. These include auctions, bargaining, oligopoly, labor market signaling, public finance and insurance. Class time combines lectures, problem-solving workshops, and classroom experiments.

- ECON 320 - Mathematical Methods in Economics
Credits 3 Prerequisite ECON 210 or MATH 221 An introduction to fundamental mathematical methods of economic analysis with a variety of applications from both microeconomics and macroeconomics. Topics covered include theory and applications of linear algebra, multivariable calculus, static optimization, and comparative statics.

- ENGN 203 - Mechanics I: Statics
Credits 3 Prerequisite PHYS 111 with a grade of C or greater The science of mechanics is used to study bodies in equilibrium under the action of external forces. Emphasis is on problem solving: trusses, frames and machines, centroids, area moments of inertia, beams, cables, and friction.

- MATH 270 - Financial and Actuarial Mathematics
Credits 3 Prerequisite MATH 102 An introduction to some of the fundamental topics in financial and actuarial mathematics. Possible topics include calculating present and accumulated values for various streams of cash and the theoretical basis of corporate finance and financial models and the application of those models to insurance and other financial risks.

- MATH 310 - Mathematical Statistics
Credits 3 Prerequisite MATH 309 Sampling distributions, point and interval estimation, testing hypotheses, regression and correlation, and analysis of variance.

- MATH 332 - Ordinary Differential Equations
Credits 3 Prerequisite MATH 221 with a grade of C or greater First and second order differential equations, systems of differential equations, and applications. Techniques employed are analytic, qualitative, and numerical.

- MATH 333 - Partial Differential Equations
Credits 3 Prerequisite MATH 332 An introduction to the study of boundary value problems and partial differential equations. Topics include modeling heat and wave phenomena, Fourier series, separation of variables, and Bessel functions. Techniques employed are analytic, qualitative, and numerical.

- PHYS 112 - General Physics II
FDR SL Lab Science Distribution Credits 4 Prerequisite PHYS 111 A continuation of PHYS 111. Topics include thermodynamics, electricity, magnetism, and optics.

- Nine additional credits selected from mathematics courses numbered above 300.

## Mathematics major leading to BS degree

A **major in mathematics** leading to a Bachelor of Science degree requires the completion of at least 51 credits as follows:

- MATH 221, 222, 225, 311, 321, 343
- One course chosen from MATH 391, 392, and 393
- PHYS 111 and 112
- CSCI 111 or 121
- 12 additional credits selected from mathematics courses numbered above 300
- Six additional credits selected from courses in biology, chemistry, computer science, earth and environmental geoscience, engineering, mathematics (numbered 200 and above), and physics, except courses excluded from degree programs in those subjects.

Additional courses required as prerequisites for completion of the above include MATH 101 and 102 or their equivalents.

- Required courses:
- MATH 221 - Multivariable Calculus
FDR SC Science, Math, CS Distribution Credits 3 Prerequisite MATH 102 with a grade of C or greater, MATH 222, or MATH 225 Motion in three dimensions, parametric curves, differential calculus of multivariable functions, multiple integrals, line integrals, and Green's Theorem.

- MATH 222 - Linear Algebra
FDR SC Science, Math, CS Distribution Credits 3 Prerequisite MATH 102 with a grade of C or greater, MATH 221, or MATH 225 Linear algebra is the backbone of much of mathematics. Students in this course learn to identify and explain the basic principles, terminology, and theories used in linear algebra, and apply quantitative and/or qualitative reasoning skills to solve problems posed in linear algebra, primarily through applications of to both mathematics and the sciences, and also by writing proofs In mathematics.

- MATH 225 - Bridges to Advanced Math
FDR SC Science, Math, CS Distribution Credits 3 Prerequisite Math 221 or 222 or instructor consent The course explores various important mathematical constructions and ideas, with a particular emphasis on mathematical inquiry and reasoning. Topics include: sets, functions, equivalence relations, modular arithmetic, and basic properties of the integers, real numbers, and complex numbers.

- MATH 311 - Real Analysis
Credits 3 Prerequisite MATH 221 and either MATH 225 or MATH 301 A systematic study of concepts basic to calculus, such as topology of the real numbers, limits, differentiation, integration, sequences and series. Additional topics vary by instructor.

- MATH 321 - Abstract Algebra
Credits 3 Prerequisite MATH 222 and either MATH 225 or MATH 301 An introduction to basic algebraic structures common throughout mathematics. These include rings, fields, groups, homomorphisms and quotient structures. Additional topics vary by instructor.

- MATH 343 - Geometry
Credits 3 Prerequisite MATH 221, MATH 222, and one from MATH 201, MATH 225, or MATH 301 This course is an introduction to geometric techniques through study of Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometries and their transformations. Additional topics vary by instructor.

- One course chosen from:
- MATH 391 - Topics in Analysis
Credits 3 Prerequisite MATH 311 Topics vary but can include complex analysis, topology, differential equations, differential topology, numerical analysis, functional analysis, measure theory, fractal geometry, Lebesgue integration and Fourier analysis, harmonic analysis, and analytic number theory.

- MATH 392 - Topics in Abstract Algebra
Credits 3 Prerequisite MATH 321 Topics vary but can include field and Galois theory, geometric and combinatorial group theory, representation theory, number theory, algebraic number theory, commutative algebra, algebraic geometry, arithmetic geometry, advanced linear algebra, algebraic coding theory and cryptography, algebraic topology, homological algebra, and graph theory.

- MATH 393 - Topics in Geometry and Topology
Credits 3 Prerequisite MATH 342 or MATH 343 Topics vary but can include knot theory, topology and geometry of surfaces, differential geometry, Riemann surfaces, 3-manifolds, tilings, geometric probability, geometry of spacetime, finite geometry, computational geometry, differential topology, and projective geometry.

- Take:
- PHYS 111 - General Physics I
FDR SL Lab Science Distribution Credits 4 An introduction to classical mechanics. Topics include kinematics, Newton's laws, solids, fluids, and wave motion.

- PHYS 112 - General Physics II
FDR SL Lab Science Distribution Credits 4 Prerequisite PHYS 111 A continuation of PHYS 111. Topics include thermodynamics, electricity, magnetism, and optics.

- Take one of the following courses:
- CSCI 111 - Fundamentals of Programming I
FDR FM Math and Computer Science Foundation Credits 4 A disciplined approach to programming with Python. Emphasis is on problem-solving methods, algorithm development, and object-oriented concepts. Lectures and formal laboratories.

- CSCI 121 - Scientific Computing
FDR FM Math and Computer Science Foundation Credits 4 An introduction to computer programming for scientific applications and a survey of the main methodological areas of scientific computation. The course provides the tools needed for students to use computers effectively in scientific work, whether in physics, chemistry, mathematics, economics, biology, psychology, or any field involving quantitative work. Programming in Matlab, a scientific-computing software package, with a focus on topics relevant to students' major fields of study. Lectures and formal labs.

- 12 additional credits selected from mathematics courses numbered above 300
- Six additional credits selected from courses in

biology, chemistry, computer science, earth and environmental geoscience, engineering, mathematics (numbered 200 and above), and physics, except courses excluded from degree programs in those subjects.